But Analysts Present a Mixed Picture of How Robust the Increase Will Be
After a tepid back-to-school season and with Black Friday just weeks away, all eyes in retail, including retail real estate, are fixed on analysts’ predictions for 2014 holiday spending. The majority of the announcements are cause for good cheer, with major forecasts from such sources as the bellwether National Retail Federation (NRF), pointing to healthy increases over the 2013 season. The question seems to be not whether there will be a spike in sales, but how much of a rise we can expect.
In General, a Bright but Mixed Picture of Crucial Retail Holiday Season
The National Retail Federation predicts that 2014 holiday sales will increase 4.1 percent for a total of $616.9 billion. That’s a full percentage point ahead of 2013’s gain and well above the ten-year average annual rise of 2.9 percent. Jack Kleinhenz, the trade organization’s chief economist, cites increases in employment, disposable income and the number of shopping days in this year’s calendar among the contributing factors. But don’t pop the champagne corks prematurely. The Wall Street Journal observed that the NRF’s forecasts have failed to match actual sales for the past six years. Other major retail analysts, however, mirror the NRF’s outlook for the upcoming season.
In September, Deloitte predicted a rise of 4 to 4.5 percent in holiday sales, which would be the biggest increase in at least three years. Alison Paul, Deloitte’s vice chairman and retail distribution section leader, said in a widely quoted interview that there is “a psychological glow of people generally feeling better about the economy” as a result of increased employment and rising personal income.
AlixPartners delivered an even more optimistic vision of the holiday ahead, predicting an increase in sales of as much as 4.9 percent. Like Deloitte and the NRF, they cited the improving economy, including falling gas prices and unemployment rates, as the reasons why shoppers can be expected to open their wallets wider this year.
Prosper Spending Score, based on their recent consumer survey, sees an 8 percent leap from 2013’s levels. The engine driving their outlook is feedback from upper-income households ($75,000+ per year) who maintain a spending score that is 13.2 percent higher than the overall average. Of interest to the retail real estate market is Prosper Spending Score’s predictions about the performance of individual retailers. According to their consumer research on 150 retailers, Gap, Amazon, Macy’s and Nordstrom are among those expected to be top holiday performers.
PricewaterhouseCoopers Says Cash-Strapped Consumers Point to Sales Drop
The sole dissenter among the major analysts is PricewaterhouseCoopers, who has predicted that average household holiday spending will drop by 6.9 percent from last year’s levels for an average outlay of $684 in 2014. Their projection is based on a poll of 2,200 U.S. consumers, who, in spite of a stable level of inflation, cited concerns over rising costs in food, transportation, housing and health care as motivators to cut their holiday spending. “The consumer doesn’t believe the economy has necessarily improved,” said Thom Blischok, chief retail strategist of PwC’s Strategy& unit (formerly Booz & Co).
There’s Agreement on One Thing: Online Looks Bigger Than Ever
The forecasters seem to be of a single mind about one thing for the 2014 holiday season: online will continue to be the star performer. Deloitte projects a spike of as much as 14 percent in online and mail-order sales, while Shop.org predicts an increase of between 8 and 11 percent. That’s good news not only for online retailers but for shipping companies like UPS, who is expecting to hire as many as 95,000 temporary employees. Total seasonal retail hiring is anticipated to range from 725,000 to 800,000.
But online shopping isn’t the only role electronic devices will play. Digital interactions will influence 50 percent of in-store sales as savvy shoppers research products and compare prices via their computers and mobile devices. Retailers are responding by optimizing their websites for mobile platforms and supplying their sales associates with tablets for in-store customer support.
Gift cards will continue to be top sellers and the most popular gift category will be electronics. Apparel sales may lag except among those retailers with a trendy inventory supported by a strong web presence.
Despite Solid Outlook, NRF Advises Retailers to be Cautious
The most wonderful time of the year may be about to arrive, but retailers are still advised to be aware of consumers’ continued price sensitivity. “Recognizing the need to keep household budgets in line, we expect shoppers will be extremely price sensitive as they have been for quite some time,” said NRF President and CEO Matthew Shay. “The lagging economy, though improving, is still top of mind for many Americans.” He advises retailers to respond by “differentiating themselves and touting price, value and exclusivity.” Promotions, though perhaps not as prevalent or as deep as last year, will continue to play a role.
What do Retailers Think About Holiday 2014? Levin Survey Looks for Answers
Levin Management is one of the retail real estate companies that conducts regular surveys of tenants in their shopping centers. Our annual Pre-Holiday Retail Sentiment Survey is currently in progress and we expect to release the feedback in mid-November. Key findings will be published here.